Dating and style in old english composite homilies
Together with the Cambridge, Gonville and Caius College, MS 107/176 (Caius) witness of Guy, CUL preserves the latest redaction of the Middle English Guy of Warwick, both manuscript versions descending from a common translation of Gui de Warewic into Middle English, the latest of at least five individual identifiable translation events.
In her recent study of the Middle English manuscript witnesses of Guy of Warwick, Alison Wiggins provides a concise assessment of the unique character of these two fifteenth-century versions: These texts are indicative of the direct impact that the figure of Richard Beauchamp and the cult of Guy of Warwick had upon the romance; the revival and reconceptualization of Guy as a chivalric hero in these later manuscripts represents a distinctive phase in its reception.
Jane Chance (Professor of English, Rice University) in her 1980 article "The Structural Unity of Beowulf: The Problem of Grendel's Mother" argued that there are two standard interpretations of the poem: one view which suggests a two-part structure (i.e., the poem is divided between Beowulf's battles with Grendel and with the dragon) and the other, a three-part structure (this interpretation argues that Beowulf's battle with Grendel's mother is structurally separate from his battle with Grendel).
begins with the story of King Hroðgar, who built the great hall Heorot for his people.
At the same time, the manuscript sheds some new light on the possibly genuine innovations in the CUL text.
The poem deals with legends, i.e., it was composed for entertainment and does not separate between fictional elements and real historic events, such as the raid by King Hygelac into Frisia, ca. Scholars generally agree that many of the personalities of but this does not only concern people (e.g., Healfdene, Hroðgar, Halga, Hroðulf, Eadgils and Ohthere), but also clans (e.g., Scyldings, Scylfings and Wulfings) and some of the events (e.g., the Battle on the Ice of Lake Vänern). As far as Sweden is concerned, the dating of the events in the poem has been confirmed by archaeological excavations of the barrows indicated by Snorri Sturluson and by Swedish tradition as the graves of Ohthere (dated to c. These remains include a Frankish sword adorned with gold and garnets and a tafl game with Roman pawns of ivory.An elaborate history of characters and their lineages are spoken of, as well as their interactions with each other, debts owed and repaid, and deeds of valor.The events described in the poem take place in the late 5th century, after the Anglo-Saxons had begun migration and settlement in England, and before the beginning of the 7th century, a time when the Saxons were either newly arrived or in close contact with their fellow Germanic kinsmen in Scandinavia and Northern Germany.He was dressed in a costly suit made of Frankish cloth with golden threads, and he wore a belt with a costly buckle.There were four cameos from the Middle East which were probably part of a casket.
The last battle takes place later in life, after returning to Geatland (modern southern Sweden), where Beowulf has become king. After his death his retainers bury him in a tumulus in Geatland.